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The theory of acupuncture is based about Qi (pronounced chee), the vital energy of the body. According to traditional Chinese medical theory, Qi is produced in all parts of the body through energy channels, called meridians. This energy flow is more or less such as the circulatory method and anxious program. Just in case, it has an interruption or blockage in the flow of Qi in the meridians, it causes pain and disease.

Many studies suggest that the analgesic action of acupuncture is associated with the release of natural endorphins in the mind. This effect is inferred by preventing the action of endorphins (to morphine) utilizing a drug called naloxone. When naloxone is administered to the patient, the analgesic effects of morphine can be reduced, causing the patient to feel a appropriate level of pain. Whenever naloxone is administered for an acupunctured patient, the analgesic effect of acupuncture could additionally be reversed, causing the individual to report an elevated amount of pain. It should be noted, however, that studies utilizing similar procedures, such as the management of naloxone, have suggested a role of endogenousopioids in the medicine reaction, demonstrating that reaction is not distinctive to acupuncture.

The main idea behind acupuncture is to bring back health by stimulating acupoints positioned in the meridians. According to TCM, there are two simple types of Qi in the body viz. congenital Qi and acquired Qi. Since the name suggests, congenital Qi is present in the course of delivery, while acquired Qi is developed after birth, from the air we inhale and the foods we eat. The high quality of acquired Qi largely depends on the life-style and physical activities. Evidence shows that the sites of action of analgesia associated with acupuncture include the thalamus utilizing fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) and PET (positron emission tomography) brain imaging tips, and through the suggestions pathway from the intellectual cortex using electrophysiological recording of the nerve impulses of neurons directly in the cortex, that shows inhibitory action when acupuncture stimulus is applied. Similar effects have been seen in organization with the placebo response. One research using fMRI found that medicine analgesia was associated with reduced activity in the thalamus, insula and fore cingulate cortex. Recently, acupuncture has been shown to raise the nitric oxide levels in treated regions, resulting in increased local blood circulation. Effects about nearby swelling and ischemia have additionally been reported.